Cloud Computing

Simply put, Cloud Computing is where applications, storage and computing power are provided over the Internet instead of locally on a single computer or network and are utilized as a service rather than a product—like electricity, you use what you need and pay by the meter. Broadly speaking, to be considered Cloud Computing an application’s data and core processing functions would be hosted/stored and managed online ("in the cloud") and accessible from any PC, laptop or mobile device with a network connection in real-time; and you would pay for computing resources as you utilize them. So, in short, Cloud services are provided via the Internet and on a consumption-based pay-as-you-use model. These services are typically established with short-term contracts and without up-front expenditure. However, Cloud Computing can be private and therefore internal in nature such as when a large enterprise builds its own Private Cloud.

More eruditely it is defined by The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as "a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.” NIST's working definition of cloud computing has long been the de facto definition.

Cloud Computing has become a viable option because large amounts of storage and processing power have become ubiquitous and cheap—it's now cost-effective for companies ("Cloud providers") to build huge data centers where computing and software can be provided remotely on an enormous scale and rented out like a utility service. Thus, "in the cloud" actually means that within these huge data centers applications and associated data are installed on one or many powerful computers called servers that reside within specially adapted buildings. The facilities that house these data centers are like warehouses filled with banks of servers in cabinets called racks that have powerful air conditioning systems to keep the servers cool and highly resilient power and Internet connections. And the biggest beneficiary is the small and medium business sector which now has access to the same expensive technologies as enterprises, without owning them, but simply paying for them according to use.

Lastly, companies that implement the Cloud effectively gain a faster time to market for applications, the flexibility to deal with changes in business demand and a friendlier environment for testing new initiatives, as software and infrastructure can be scaled up or down depending on changing needs and requirements. Cloud computing can help businesses optimize the resources they have at hand, reducing the cost and complexity of their data center, while putting the right amount of computing power at the fingertips of every employee, no matter where they are or when they need it. Cloud-enabled companies can achieve strong efficiency gains because the Cloud's inherently open architecture gives them the ability to add new features and functions quickly and easily, and to reduce the maintenance costs for their IT architecture; consequently, this allows them to focus more on their primary business objectives and to compete in new and innovative ways. Moreover, the absence of initial capital expenditure allows companies to much more freely move to alternative Cloud solutions if the current one is found not to be the best fit.

The cloud offers a myriad of capabilities and benefits that meet business and computing challenges across a spectrum of companies and user groups. However, all clouds share the following:

Pooled Computing Resources – Every cloud pools physical and virtual resources -- notably storage, processing, memory, network bandwidth, and virtual machines -- enabling resources to be dynamically activated and de-activated on demand. Generally, users don’t control or even know the exact location of the resources. However, they can often choose a deep level of abstraction -- such as a high-availability domain or a service that meets regulatory requirements around data location.

Network-Centric – Regardless of its flavor, each implementation of cloud computing is network-centric. All services are delivered over a network and accessed through such basic tools as lightweight web protocols.

Agile Provisioning of Resources – Every cloud is able to activate or deactivate resources quickly and easily. In some cases, users enjoy self-service, enabling them to provision such capabilities as server capacity and storage over the Internet, via web applications or web services.

Rapid Allocation of Resources – Resources are rapidly and elastically allocated to meet computing demands – meaning they can be scaled up or down in minutes for maximum efficiency. All clouds use pre-set policies to manage the allocation, while the best ones adjust resources automatically.

Pay-Per-Use Pricing and Metering – Public cloud providers charge on a pay-per-use basis, also known as utility pricing. Such metering of services (notably storage, CPU usage, bandwidth, and so on) is also used by private and hybrid clouds, although those clouds typically do not charge users but leverage metering to gain insight into usage patterns, capacity planning, and other purposes.

Also referred to as the three major layers, here are the three primary types of Cloud Computing —

Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)

In the IaaS model, a provider delivers a computer infrastructure (typically a heavily virtualized environment) as a service. Clients pay a metered rate for servers, software, data-center space and network equipment. IaaS is at the other end of the cloud spectrum from SaaS . In this scenario, you want to maintain control of your software environment, but you don't want to maintain any equipment. You don't want to have to buy servers and put them in a climate-controlled room or any of that. Instead, you go to an IaaS provider and request a virtual machine.

Notable examples:  Amazon Web Services, HP CloudSystem, AirVM, CloudBasic, Microsoft Azure

Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)

The PaaS model provides services -- middleware, such as application servers and databases -- layered on top of an IaaS foundation. Typically, PaaS adds another level of abstraction that unburdens developers and operators of certain tasks. Developers write their application to a more or less open specification and then upload their code into the cloud where the application is hosted and automatically scaled without the developer having to worry about it overly.

Notable examples:  IBM Cloud, VMWare vCloud, Microsoft Azure

Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)

SaaS is probably the best known and easiest-to-grasp model of cloud computing as it involves the direct consumption of an application by end-users rather than by developers or operators. There is no inherent relationship between a hosted application and the nature of the infrastructure on which it runs. However, SaaS applications can and often do run on cloud infrastructure and middleware. As alluded to, SaaS is really geared toward the end users in your organization and doesn't take much to get started. The provider figures out how many resources to devote to your use of the application. The provider figures out the servers, the virtual machines, the network equipment, everything. You just point your browser at it.

Notable examples: PGi GlobalMeet, HyperOffice, Intermedia, Mailprotector, Microsoft Office 365, Carbonite, Mozy

Cloud computing comes in three main deployment models: public, private, and hybrid. However, there are also community and combined models.

Public Cloud: Here, a company owns and operates the cloud infrastructure or platform, and sells cloud services to the general public and organizations. Customers access the services via the Internet and are billed on pay-per-use basis. Well-known examples of public cloud services are Google Mail & Apps and Amazon Web Services.

Private Cloud: In this case, an organization owns its own cloud and uses resources which are dedicated to that organization. The operation of the cloud takes place behind the internal firewall or behind a third-party’s firewall. This type of cloud is managed by the organization or a third-party, and can exist on-premises or off-premises. A private cloud shares many of the characteristics of public cloud computing including resource pooling, self-service, elasticity and pay-by-use delivered in a standardized manner with the additional control and customization available from dedicated resources.

Hybrid Cloud: As its name suggest, a hybrid cloud blends the public and private cloud models, and provides a high degree of interoperability between a private cloud and a public cloud implementation. The hybrid model is favored by companies that want to own and operate a cloud infrastructure sized for routine loads but like the flexibility of renting extra capacity to handle load spikes.

Community Cloud: In this deployment, several organizations with similar requirements and issues share the infrastructure and its cost. Common issues are security, compliance, and industry-specific concerns.

Cloud Awareness Course eLearning by ITpreneurs

The Cloud Awareness eLearning Course is a 4 hour interactive experience for those who require a basic understanding of cloud computing and cloud computing concepts.


The Cloud Awareness course provides a 4 hour, interactive, online learning experience. This self-paced elearning course is ideal for those who require a basic understanding of the virtualization and cloud computing concepts in a time-efficient manner. The course has been designed for learners who need this basic awareness as a general interest — as part of a larger program initiative — as opposed to the full certification Virtualization and Cloud Essentials courses.


The Cloud Awareness course will be of interest to:
• IT and business executives who want to receive an overview of the concepts and the significance of virtualization and cloud computing.
• IT and business staff who need a brief overview and awareness of the virtualization and cloud computing concepts.

Learning Objectives:

At the end of this course, participants will be able to:
• Understand the common terms and definitions of virtualization and cloud computing and be able to give examples.
• Understand the technical capabilities and business benefits of virtualization and cloud computing and how to measure these benefits.
• Describe the landscape of different types of virtualization and understand the different types of clouds.
• Illustrate how key application features can be delivered on virtual infrastructures.
• Explain typical steps that lead to the successful adoption of virtualization technologies.
• Understand the similarities and differences between cloud computing and outsourcing.

Course Student Material: Online, self-paced instructional material available for 90 days.

This excellent eLearning course is available from us (SCR) for $99. Please call us or email if you are interested in buying one or more licenses.

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OpenStack Expands Focus to Enable Open Infrastructure

Wed, 14 Nov 2018 05:00:00 -0800

VIDEO: The executive management team from the OpenStack Foundation outline the open-source cloud project's new approach to helping to enable the cloud ecosystem.

AI in the Workplace: New Cognizant ‘Jobs of the Future Index’ Tracks 50 Emerging Roles

Wed, 14 Nov 2018 12:14:35 +0000

Index to identify new jobs created as technologies like artificial intelligence, automation, bots and big data continue to grow TEANECK, N.J., Nov. 14, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — The Cognizant (Nasdaq: CTSH) Center for the Future of Work today launched a unique new measurement

The post AI in the Workplace: New Cognizant ‘Jobs of the Future Index’ Tracks 50 Emerging Roles appeared first on CloudTweaks.

AWS Storage Gateway Virtual Tape Library Expands Support of Common Backup Applications

Wed, 14 Nov 2018 01:58:28 +0000

The AWS Storage Gateway virtual tape library, or Tape Gateway, now supports IBM Spectrum Protect (Tivoli Storage Manager) version 7.1.9 running on Microsoft Windows, and Bacula Enterprise Edition version 10. Additionally, Tape Gateway is compatible with new versions of common backup applications, including Veritas NetBackup 8, Veritas Backup Exec 20, Microsoft System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM) 2016, and Quest NetVault Backup 11 and 12.

Amazon RDS for Oracle Now Supports October 2018 Oracle Patch Set Updates (PSU)

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 23:19:00 +0000

Amazon RDS for Oracle now supports the Oracle October Patch Set Updates (PSU). Oracle PSU contains critical security updates and other important updates. To learn more about the Oracle PSUs supported on Amazon RDS, visit the Amazon RDS patch update documentation.

Amazon RDS for Oracle now Supports Oracle 12.2 Databases

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 23:18:55 +0000

You can now launch Amazon RDS for Oracle instances running on Oracle 12.2. To create a new Oracle 12.2 database instance with just a few clicks in the AWS Management Console, use the "Launch DB Instance" wizard and select the DB engine version "".

Cisco Learns from the Past to Create a Strategy for a Mixed Domain Cloud Future - IT Business Edge (blog)

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 23:03:56 GMT

Cisco Learns from the Past to Create a Strategy for a Mixed Domain Cloud Future
IT Business Edge (blog)
I ran into a blog post from Cisco that I found fascinating. ... So while others seem to be trying to massively pivot for a frightening future where everyone is in the cloud and most existing companies are obsolete, Cisco is adjusting for a more ...

Deploy IBM Blockchain Platform for AWS with New Quick Start

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 21:37:19 +0000

This Quick Start deploys an IBM Blockchain Platform distributed peer into the AWS Cloud. 

AWS CloudFormation Now Supports Drift Detection

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 21:19:28 +0000

AWS CloudFormation now allows you to detect if configuration changes were made to your stack resources outside of CloudFormation via the AWS Management Console, CLI, and SDKs. Drift is the difference between the expected configuration values of stack resources defined in CloudFormation templates and the actual configuration values of these resources in the corresponding CloudFormation stacks. This allows you to better manage your CloudFormation stacks and ensure consistency in your resource configurations. For more information on Drift detection, visit the AWS Blog.

Drift detection is available in the following regions: US East (Ohio), US EAST (N. Virginia), US West (N. California), US West (Oregon), Canada (Central), Asia Pacific (Mumbai), Asia Pacific (Seoul), Asia Pacific (Singapore), Asia Pacific (Sydney), Asia Pacific (Tokyo), EU (Frankfurt), EU (Ireland), EU (London), EU (Paris) and South America (São Paulo).

To learn more about Drift detection and the resource types that support drift detection, visit our documentation page.

AWS Amplify adds support for Authentication and Data access for iOS and Android developers

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 20:14:48 +0000

Starting today, the Amplify framework adds support for Authentication workflows to its iOS and Android SDKs with a simple, declarative programming model. This includes automatic credentials management and refresh routines when leveraging either Amazon Cognito User Pools or Identity Pools, allowing you to seamlessly interact with services such as AWS AppSync, Amazon S3, Amazon Pinpoint and more. The SDK now includes a built in state management and notification system for developers to hook into and perform custom UI flows or screen transitions. It also is aware of the network state, allowing developers to build offline apps and protect against failures when making requests to AWS services.

Along with this release, all iOS and Android documentation has been rewritten and centralized along with the Amplify JavaScript documentation at Mobile and web developers now have a central location for JavaScript, iOS, and Android documentation when building apps on AWS.

Analyze Your Budget Performance Using New AWS Budgets History Functionality

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 19:42:11 +0000

Starting today, you can access detailed information regarding your budgets’ performance from the recently-introduced budget detail pages within AWS Budgets. Using the new budgets history functionality, you can easily analyze your budget’s performance over the past 12 months by comparing your budgeted amount to your actuals (i.e., your budget variance). This allows you to identify which areas of your business have under- or over-performed based on their budgets, making it easy to adjust your forecasts to improve the accuracy of your budgets or perform further analysis using AWS Cost Explorer. For example, you can track the actual monthly spend for your ‘Game Development Team’ account relative to their monthly budget over the last 12 months and take action based on your findings. Please note that budgets history information can also be accessed programmatically via the AWS Budgets API.

Massive Memory Refactor introduced in Lumberyard 1.16 – Available Now

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 19:38:45 +0000

We’re excited to announce the availability of Lumberyard Beta 1.16. With over 250 improvements, fixes, and features, this release includes:

HQ2 or not, Amazon already a major public sector player - Washington Technology (blog)

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 19:13:48 GMT

HQ2 or not, Amazon already a major public sector player
Washington Technology (blog)
The train has left the station as far as cloud computing and its power to transform operations. HQ2 or not, that transformation is going to happen. A more immediate question is whether the HQ2 decision will have any impact on the competition for the ...

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Zendesk Aims for Greater Piece of CRM Pie With Sunshine

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 09:35:00 -0800

Who’s afraid of Salesforce? Apparently not Zendesk, which launched a new customer relationship management platform called Zendesk Sunshine, built on Amazon Web Services, that will compete with CRM leader Salesforce, among others.

OpenStack Now Powers 75 Public Clouds Worldwide

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 05:03:00 -0800

While a lot of attention is paid to the big three public cloud providers, OpenStack is continuing to find a broad global audience.

Why Most Execs Believe Their Enterprises Aren’t Ready for AI

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 05:00:00 -0800

INDUSTRY DISCUSSION: Experts in the field of artificial intelligence say the technology is bringing big changes to the workforce and how we do business; the question is just how disruptive those changes will be.

Yes, Virginia, There Is an Amazon Coming to You

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 04:33:00 -0800

NEWS ANALYSIS: E-commerce giant Amazon chooses two locations for its new headquarters in a move that could dramatically impact tech hiring and development.

Amazon S3 Cross Region Replication is now available in AWS GovCloud (US) Regions

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 00:57:31 +0000

Amazon S3 announces Cross Region Replication for AWS GovCloud (US) Regions. Amazon S3’s Cross Region Replication (CRR) enables automatic and asynchronous replication of new objects between the AWS GovCloud (US) Regions for reduced latency, compliance, security, disaster recovery, and a number of other use cases.

Amazon Aurora Simplifies Workload Management with Custom Endpoints

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 00:54:12 +0000

You can now create custom endpoints for Amazon Aurora databases. This allows you to distribute and load balance workloads across different sets of database instances in your Aurora cluster.

AWS CodePipeline Now Supports Cross-Region Actions

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 00:44:52 +0000

AWS CodePipeline now makes it easier to perform actions such as deployments, builds, or tests in multiple regions from a single pipeline. Previously, you needed to set-up a pipeline in a region in order for CodePipeline to perform actions in that region. Now, you can add cross-region actions such as additional region deployments to help improve your application's latency and availability.

Announcing the AWS GovCloud (US-East) Region

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 00:42:49 +0000

AWS is announcing immediate availability of the new AWS GovCloud (US-East) Region. The GovCloud (US-East) Region joins GovCloud (US-West) as the second AWS GovCloud Region in the US, and the 19th AWS Region worldwide. The AWS GovCloud (US-East) Region consists of three Availability Zones and with this launch, the AWS Global Infrastructure now offers a total of 57 Availability Zones worldwide, serving customers in over 190 countries.

Amazon Redshift now available in AWS GovCloud (US-East) Region

Tue, 13 Nov 2018 00:24:12 +0000

We are excited to announce that Amazon Redshift is now available in the AWS GovCloud (US-East) Region.

Amazon Web Services Introduces AWS Batch Support for EC2 Launch Templates

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 23:26:37 +0000

AWS Batch now supports EC2 Launch Templates, allowing you to build customized templates for your compute resources, and enabling Batch to scale instances with those requirements. You can specify your EC2 Launch Template to add storage volumes, specify network interfaces, or configure permissions, among other capabilities. EC2 Launch Templates reduce the number of steps required to configure Batch environments by capturing launch parameters within one resource.

AWS Batch Now Supports Enhanced Fine-Grained Access Controls

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 23:25:32 +0000

AWS Batch now supports enhanced Identity and Access Management (IAM)-based fine-grained access controls. IAM-based controls enable administrators to match Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX) controls with their IAM users in AWS Batch. In addition to POSIX support, administrators can write IAM policies that control access to Job Definitions and Job Queues when submitting Jobs to AWS Batch.

Redis 5.0 now available on Amazon ElastiCache for Redis

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 23:19:47 +0000

Your real-time applications can now benefit from Amazon ElastiCache for Redis support of Redis 5.0. Now you can take advantage of new Redis 5.0 features such as Redis Streams, enhanced sorted sets with pop operations, improved HyperLogLog algorithm, and better memory management.

Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL supports Outbound Network Access using Custom DNS Servers

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 22:42:29 +0000

Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL now supports custom Domain Name Services (DNS) servers which are used for name resolution during outbound network access. This is in addition to the existing support for the Amazon Route 53 domain service in your VPC.

You can configure a custom DNS Server in the DHCP Options Set for the Amazon VPC that contains your RDS instance. For more information, see DHCP Options Sets in the Amazon VPC documentation, and DHCP Options Set in the AWS Directory Service documentation.

You can enable the configured custom DNS server with a new database parameter for your RDS for PostgreSQL databases to communicate with other services within your VPC. This works by using either private or custom DNS names, keeping outbound network traffic within the boundaries of your VPC.

Your RDS for PostgreSQL database instance needs to be in a VPC to be able to use this feature. To move your non-VPC RDS databases to a VPC, follow the instructions in the documentation.

For using custom DNS server for outbound network access for RDS for PostgreSQL, please visit the documentation page.

How Enterprises Can Make Cloud Utilization More IT-friendly

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 11:53:45 -0800

eWEEK DATA POINTS: Enterprises often lag in cloud adoption when compared to other sectors, such as startups and cutting-edge verticals, including financial services. Here are some tips on how to keep both cloud users and IT staff happy (and in control) on a daily basis.

Amazon Polly Adds Italian and Castilian Spanish Voices, and Mexican Spanish Language Support

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 19:28:52 +0000

Amazon Polly is a service that turns text into lifelike speech. Today, we are excited to announce additional Italian and Spanish voice options.

OpenStack vs. Cloud Foundry vs. Kubernetes: What Fits Where?

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 11:17:00 -0800

VIDEO: Thomas Di Giacomo, CTO at SUSE, explains how the three major open-source cloud technologies intersect at his company.

AWS Secrets Manager announces support for AWS CloudFormation for secure and automated provisioning of resources

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 18:20:18 +0000

AWS Secrets Manager makes it easier to securely automate the provisioning of your AWS resources by integrating with AWS CloudFormation. You can use this integration to provision secrets, such as database credentials, required to create and access your AWS resources.

Amazon SageMaker Batch Transform Now Supports Amazon Virtual Private Cloud

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 18:18:19 +0000

Amazon SageMaker Batch Transform now supports Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC). With VPC support, your model containers and the AWS resources they access, such as the Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) buckets can be made private within your network and not connected to the internet. This enhancement also enables you to monitor all network traffic in and out of your model containers using VPC Flow Logs.

Amazon SageMaker Now Supports AWS PrivateLink for Notebook Instances

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 17:40:33 +0000

Amazon SageMaker now supports AWS PrivateLink for notebook instances. Earlier this year, we announced support for AWS PrivateLink for API operations and runtime with Amazon SageMaker. With this enhancement, you can use AWS PrivateLink to secure your connection to notebook instances as well.

Introducing AWS CloudFormation support for Amazon Data Lifecycle Manager policies

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 17:10:19 +0000

You can now use Amazon Data Lifecycle Manager (DLM) lifecycle policies as a resource in your AWS CloudFormation templates, stacks, and stacksets.

Oracle Ups OCI Ante With Preview of HPC Cloud Instances

Mon, 12 Nov 2018 02:10:00 -0800

ENTERPRISE NEWS: The new Clustered Network instances consist of bare metal servers running an RDMA network on top of the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure.

How to Make ACs Cool - Economic Times (blog)

Sun, 11 Nov 2018 17:49:22 GMT

Economic Times (blog)

How to Make ACs Cool
Economic Times (blog)
Cloud computing is helping thousands of small- and medium-sized business compete with incumbents without having to invest in giant servers. Elon Musk's gamble with Tesla has made every major carmaker plan for an electrified future. I've spent a large ...

AWS CloudFormation coverage updates for Amazon Secrets Manager, Amazon API Gateway, Amazon RDS, Amazon Route53, Amazon Cloudwatch alarms and more

Sat, 10 Nov 2018 01:15:13 +0000

CloudFormation has added support for the following new resources:

Use the AWS::SecretsManager::ResourcePolicy resource to define a resource-based policy and attach it to a secret that's stored in Secrets Manager.

Use the AWS::SecretsManager::RotationSchedule resource to configure rotation for a secret.

Use the AWS::SecretsManager::Secret resource to create a secret and stores it in Secrets Manager.

Use the AWS::SecretsManager::SecretTargetAttachmentresource to complete the final link between a Secrets Manager secret and its associated database.

Use the AWS::DLM::LifecyclePolicy resource to create a lifecycle policy for Amazon Data Lifecycle Manager.

Secrets Manager Dynamic reference:
Use the secretsmanager dynamic reference to retrieve entire secrets or secret values that are stored in AWS Secrets Manager for use in your templates.

CloudFormation has updated support of following resource types:

In the StageDescription property type, use the TracingEnabled property to specify whether active tracing with X-ray is enabled for this stage.

Use the TracingEnabled property to specify whether active tracing with X-ray is enabled for this stage.

Use the DatapointsToAlarm property to specify the number of datapoints that must be breaching to trigger the alarm. This is used only if you are setting an "M out of N" alarm. In that case, this value is the M.

Use the SourcePrefixListId property to specify the AWS service prefix of an Amazon VPC endpoint.

Use the PermissionsBoundary property to specify the policy that is used to set the permissions boundary for the role.

Use the PermissionsBoundary property to specify the policy that is used to set the permissions boundary for the user.

In the TopicRulePayload property type, use the ErrorActions property to specify the action to take when an error occurs.
In the Action property type:
l Use the IoTAnalytics property to send message data to an AWS IoT Analytics channel.
l Use the StepFunctionsAction property to start execution of a Step Functions state machine.

Use the PendingWindowInDays property to specify the waiting period, specified in number of days, after which AWS KMS deletes the customer master key (CMK).

Use the EnableCloudwatchLogExports property to specify the list of log types that need to be enabled for exporting to CloudWatch Logs.
Use the EnableIAMDatabaseAuthentication property to enable mapping of AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) accounts to database accounts.
Use the EnablePerformanceInsights property to enable Performance Insights for the DB instance.
Use the PerformanceInsightsKMSKeyId property to specify the AWS KMS key identifier for encryption of Performance Insights data. The AWS KMS key ID is the Amazon Resource Name (ARN), AWS KMS key identifier, or the AWS KMS key alias for the AWS KMS encryption key.
Use the PerformanceInsightsRetentionPeriod property to specify the amount of time, in days, to retain Performance Insights data.
Use the ProcessorFeatures property to specify the number of CPU cores and the number of threads per core for the DB instance class of the DB instance.
Use the PromotionTier property to specify the order in which an Aurora Replica is promoted to the primary instance after a failure of the existing primary instance.

Use the EnableCloudwatchLogExports property to specify the list of log types that need to be enabled for exporting to CloudWatch Logs.
Use the EnableIAMDatabaseAuthentication property to enable mapping of AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) accounts to database accounts.
Use the BackTrackWindow property to set the target backtrack window, in seconds. To disable backtracking, specify 0. If specified, this property must be set to a number from 0 to 259,200 (72 hours).

Use the MultiValueAnswer property to route traffic approximately randomly to multiple resources, such as web servers. Create one multivalue answer record for each resource and specify true for MultiValueAnswer.

Use the RegionalDomainName attribute with the Fn::GetAtt function to return the regional domain name of the specified bucket.

Use the Tags property to specify the tags (key-value pairs) that you want to attach to the WorkSpace.
Use the WorkspaceProperties property to specify information about a WorkSpace.

For a complete list of resources please click here

To learn more about AWS CloudFormation, please visit our documentation page.

Amazon SageMaker is Now Available in 5 Additional AWS Regions in the Americas, Europe, and Asia Pacific

Fri, 09 Nov 2018 01:41:40 +0000

Amazon SageMaker is now available in 5 additional AWS regions in the Americas, Europe, and Asia Pacific. With this announcement, SageMaker is available in the US West (N. California), Canada Central (Montreal), Europe (London), Asia Pacific (Mumbai), and Asia Pacific (Singapore) AWS regions.

AWS Certificate Manager Now HIPAA Eligible

Thu, 08 Nov 2018 23:02:43 +0000

AWS Certificate Manager is now a HIPAA Eligible Service and has been added to the AWS Business Associate Addendum (BAA).

Docker Enterprise 2.1 Accelerates Application Migration to Containers

Thu, 08 Nov 2018 07:47:00 -0800

Docker is adding support on its enterprise platform to help make it easier for Windows and Linux applications to migrate to containers.

QuickBooks Online Advanced Uses AI to Help Midsize Companies

Thu, 08 Nov 2018 05:00:00 -0800

Intuit says it’s ready to challenge established midmarket leaders like Microsoft Dynamics, Sage Intaact and NetSuite with a new accounting offering.

Gartner Lists Top 10 Strategic IoT Technologies, Trends Through 2023

Wed, 07 Nov 2018 09:50:00 -0800

INDUSTRY RESEARCH: Analysts discuss how CIOs can lead their businesses to discover IoT opportunities and make IoT projects a success during Gartner's Symposium/ITxpo in Barcelona.

Why VMware Is Acquiring Heptio and Going All In for Kubernetes

Wed, 07 Nov 2018 08:44:00 -0800

NEWS ANALYSIS: VMware is positioning itself to be a leader in the next generation of the cloud, enabling multicloud with Kubernetes-based technology.

Coupa Simplifies Fragmented B2B Payments Process

Wed, 07 Nov 2018 04:44:00 -0800

Coupa Pay is comprised of a set of payment and financing solutions that can handle transactions with multiple banks automatically according to pre-established enterprise policies.

It’s Election Day: Do You Know Where Your Votes Are?

Tue, 06 Nov 2018 12:01:00 -0800

NEWS ANALYSIS: Security has been a constant question since the Russians were shown to have attempted interference in the 2016 general election. It's still an issue in today's midterms.

Samsung's HMD Odyssey+ VR Headset: The One That Rules Them All

Tue, 06 Nov 2018 07:00:00 -0800

PRODUCT REVIEW: At the launch, Samsung's HMD Odyssey headset was the most expensive among its competitors, but it was also the only one good enough to use. The company now has released a refreshed version of the product (Samsung HMD Odyssey+) for $499. Read on for the review.

Use This Step-by-Step Guide to Building an IIoT Project

Tue, 06 Nov 2018 05:00:00 -0800

eWEEK DATA POINTS: Jason Andersen, Vice-President of Business Line Management for Stratus Technologies, shares his insight on the key success factors for achieving next-gen automation capabilities in legacy environments.

How Dell EMC Is Leaning on VMware in Hyperconverged Space

Tue, 06 Nov 2018 01:00:00 -0800

NEW PRODUCTS: The company is expanding the integration of VMware technologies like Cloud Foundation and vCenter in its VxRail HCI system.

10 Key Challenges in Cloud Computing and How to Overcome - Toolbox (blog)

Mon, 05 Nov 2018 10:13:42 GMT

10 Key Challenges in Cloud Computing and How to Overcome
Toolbox (blog)
"83% Of Enterprise Workloads Will Be In The Cloud By 2020" - 'No rose is without a thorn' – so known is our old quote. In this fast-paced technological world, cloud computing has carved a niche for itself. It is now, an indispensable ...

TriggerMesh Launches Kubernetes-Based Serverless Management Platform

Fri, 02 Nov 2018 12:08:00 -0700

Startup TriggerMesh is emerging from stealth with a plan to add a new layer of management and portability to the nascent market for serverless functions.

Why IoT Investment is Up, Sharing of Enterprise Data Increasing

Wed, 31 Oct 2018 03:00:00 -0700

Nearly 85 percent of Zebra survey respondents anticipate their company’s investment in IoT and mobility to increase over the next one to two years; IoT investment is up overall.

9 Intranet tools to boost team collaboration in 2018

Tue, 30 Oct 2018 21:05:18 +0000

Imagine working on Friday, planning next week’s content for your intranet. You have the responsibility of spreading the word of your brand and materialize your company’s work culture (such heroic … Continue reading9 Intranet tools to boost team collaboration in 2018

The post 9 Intranet tools to boost team collaboration in 2018 appeared first on .

Serverless Computing Requires a Shift in Mindset - Wall Street Journal (blog)

Tue, 30 Oct 2018 19:09:05 GMT

Serverless Computing Requires a Shift in Mindset
Wall Street Journal (blog)
NEW YORK CITY — The benefits of an emerging method of software development commonly referred to as serverless computing are directly correlated with increased business value, says Ben Kehoe, cloud robotics research scientist at iRobot Corp.

and more »

Ellison Recounts Oracle Origins to Startup Founders

Tue, 30 Oct 2018 05:40:00 -0700

EXCLUSIVE TO EWEEK: Oracle co-founder and Silicon Valley survivor Larry Ellison explains how his company has lasted for 41 years and offers insight into continuing enterprise relevancy for current startup owners.

IBM Eyes the Cloud With Red Hat Acquisition

Mon, 29 Oct 2018 12:55:52 -0700

Big Blue sees an opportunity to accelerate the migration of enterprise applications to the cloud by bringing Red Hat into the fold.

10 proven intranet best practices for 2018

Mon, 29 Oct 2018 19:42:28 +0000

You’re ready to set up an intranet in your company, or you’ve had one for a while. After thousands of Dollars in investment, months of training and development, you end … Continue reading10 proven intranet best practices for 2018

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IBM Strikes Deal to Buy Linux and Cloud Vendor Red Hat for $34B

Mon, 29 Oct 2018 11:33:07 -0700

DAILY VIDEO: IBM will acquire Red Hat for $34 billion to transform the cloud landscape, and humanization is key to making AI projects successful.

IBM to Acquire Red Hat for $34B to Transform Cloud Landscape

Mon, 29 Oct 2018 07:25:00 -0700

IBM is making its biggest acquisition ever, picking up Linux and Kubernetes vendor Red Hat in a bid to expand and accelerate the cloud market.

The Morning Download: IBM-Red Hat Deal Bets Server Farm on Hybrid Cloud - Wall Street Journal (blog)

Mon, 29 Oct 2018 12:36:24 GMT

New York Times

The Morning Download: IBM-Red Hat Deal Bets Server Farm on Hybrid Cloud
Wall Street Journal (blog)
IBM will use Red Hat's enhanced version of the open-source Linux operating system, and software that runs atop it, to help companies bridge their private data centers with a variety of computing clouds. The deal is an acceleration of the company's ...
IBM to Acquire Linux Distributor Red Hat for $33.4 BillionBloomberg
IBM To Acquire Red Hat, Completely Changing The Cloud Landscape And Becoming World's #1 Hybrid Cloud ...IBM News Room
A monumental day for open source and Red HatRed Hat
New York Times
all 1,915 news articles »

Intranet vs Sharepoint

Fri, 26 Oct 2018 20:03:15 +0000

Intranet vs Sharepoint? It’s like looking for “websites vs WordPress” or “MAC vs laptop”. To put it simply – Sharepoint is an Intranet platform, amongst other things. What is Sharepoint … Continue readingIntranet vs Sharepoint

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Worldwide Cloud Spending Growth Slows in Third Quarter - Wall Street Journal (blog)

Fri, 26 Oct 2018 18:40:27 GMT

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Worldwide Cloud Spending Growth Slows in Third Quarter
Wall Street Journal (blog) Inc. maintained its commanding lead in the cloud infrastructure services market in the third quarter, though the gap with rival providers is shrinking as more businesses take a mix-and-match approach to cloud computing, tech market watchers ...

and more »

Oracle Makes Its Case to Move Legacy Mountains to Cloud

Fri, 26 Oct 2018 09:11:00 -0700

eWEEK ANALYSIS, PART I: CEO Mark Hurd is the chief taskmaster in persuading old-line, institutional Oracle customers to move their humongous billing, ERP and other well-entrenched systems to a new paradigm that will take them safely ahead in the 21st century.

Sharepoint Features in 2019

Thu, 25 Oct 2018 17:47:04 +0000

When you’re exploring software products —specially cloud-based apps— you expect a free tier or trial. After all, a primary value proposition of SaaS vendors is self-service; you want to be able … Continue readingSharepoint Features in 2019

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Mirantis Brings Cloud Computing to the Edge Without OpenStack

Thu, 25 Oct 2018 10:31:00 -0700

The Mirantis Cloud Platform Edge is a new Kubernetes-based effort to enable containers and virtual machines to run at the edge of the network.

How Enterprises Can Avoid Costly Guesswork in Their Networks

Thu, 25 Oct 2018 05:00:00 -0700

eWEEK DATA POINTS: Network performance and data usage information on any network can be used to maximize performance, mitigate security threats and control costs across an entire mobile deployment.

Oracle Brings AMD Epyc Chips to the Cloud

Wed, 24 Oct 2018 10:43:00 -0700

The giant tech vendor’s adoption of AMD’s server processors comes amid a larger cloud infrastructure push at the OpenWorld show.

What Google Is Now Doing to Secure Political Gmail Accounts

Tue, 23 Oct 2018 10:18:00 -0700

NEWS ANALYSIS: Phishing is one of the greatest risks to political campaigns in the United States and elsewhere, just as it’s a primary cause of breaches everywhere.

Oracle Doubles Down on Cloud Security With CASB, WAF, DDoS Protection

Tue, 23 Oct 2018 09:16:00 -0700

At OpenWorld 2018, Oracle announces a series of new security capabilities to help protect its cloud customers.

Pulumi Launches Team Edition of Infrastructure as Code Platform

Mon, 22 Oct 2018 12:55:00 -0700

Developers use code to build cloud applications, and Pulumi wants them to also be able to use code to build cloud infrastructure.

Where Next With Cloud Security? - Government Technology (blog)

Mon, 22 Oct 2018 07:23:13 GMT

Government Technology (blog)

Where Next With Cloud Security?
Government Technology (blog)
In this blog, I want to dive deeper into cloud security trends and offer steps to consider. 'The Cloud' by the Growing Numbers. According to Geekwire and Gartner, cloud computing will be a $186.4 billion market this year, growing to over $302 billion ...

and more »

Serverless Computing's Innovative Approach to Software Development - Wall Street Journal (blog)

Fri, 19 Oct 2018 17:16:53 GMT

Wall Street Journal (blog)

Serverless Computing's Innovative Approach to Software Development
Wall Street Journal (blog)
In October of 2008, The Economist published a special report on a then relatively new, rapidly growing IT development called cloud computing. "Computing power will become more and more disembodied," technology editor Ludwig Siegele wrote in the lead ...

and more »

Microsoft Sharepoint issues and limitations (2018): where Sharepoint falls short

Fri, 19 Oct 2018 15:11:09 +0000

Microsoft Sharepoint is a good example of big, generic platforms: It’s so big, so complete, and so robust that we don’t know what we can actually do (or can’t do) … Continue readingMicrosoft Sharepoint issues and limitations (2018): where Sharepoint falls short

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“Blog” Shouldn't Be a Dirty Word. Here's Why Blogging Deserves Your Time - Business 2 Community (blog)

Tue, 16 Oct 2018 13:03:48 GMT

Business 2 Community (blog)

Blog” Shouldn't Be a Dirty Word. Here's Why Blogging Deserves Your Time
Business 2 Community (blog)
Whether it be makeup or hybrid cloud computing solutions, a blog is the perfect place to prove you know what you are doing. For example, the technology industry can be confusing and overwhelming to some. It's constantly evolving and very competitive.

9 Leading Online Database Creators

Fri, 21 Sep 2018 12:54:39 +0000

You acknowledge the value of database apps; they are implemented in almost every business process. You also know that you don’t need an IT department to build your own apps … Continue reading9 Leading Online Database Creators

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Online Database App Examples – Ideas to help with your own projects

Fri, 21 Sep 2018 12:53:44 +0000

As you consider implementing web databases or database applications in your own organizations; you are probably unsure about possible uses and processes that may be improved. Organizations have built tens of … Continue readingOnline Database App Examples – Ideas to help with your own projects

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SaaS vendor scoring tool

Mon, 17 Sep 2018 13:20:42 +0000

We’ve just built a simple tool to help you discern about what SaaS provider to choose. It’s a simple Google Spreadsheet that calculates the average score that goes from 1 … Continue readingSaaS vendor scoring tool

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Microsoft Access databases examples for common business needs

Mon, 10 Sep 2018 19:55:41 +0000

You may know Microsoft Access as the most famous software to build database apps. It represents an absolutely versatile tool to create any number of applications that work with relational … Continue readingMicrosoft Access databases examples for common business needs

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How to build your own Intranet for free in less than a day – no coding skills required

Fri, 31 Aug 2018 14:48:05 +0000

Remember the days when building sites and portals seemed like a hugely complex task? Web developers used to be magicians for all of us and we were wondering how they … Continue readingHow to build your own Intranet for free in less than a day – no coding skills required

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The “Cloud” is changing the way we consume, share and use digital information because it makes access to information and computing power easier, faster and more affordable. We can help you understand and benefit from this rapidly growing and evolving IT transformation. As a broker of Cloud services, we offer sound advice on Cloud solutions and Cloud migration services, management of Cloud systems and Cloud provider relationships, and of course, procurement. The many excellent vendors of Cloud Computing services that we can help you utilize are shown below. Click on any scrolling icon to learn more about the solutions they provide. And be sure to check with us for best pricing; we are able to provide you with better pricing than the full retail prices you will see on many of these vendors' web sites.

Cloud Computing Vendors
  • 2X

    [Saas] The 2X LoadBalancer allows you to easily load balance RDP/ICA sessions between Windows Remote Desktop Services/Windows Terminal Services or Citrix terminal servers and provide fault tolerance. In addition, for remote users, back-end terminal servers can be hidden, only allowing access to the gateway machine(s), significantly increasing terminal server security.

  • Amazon Web Services
    Amazon Web Services

    [IaaS/PaaS/SaaS] Amazon Web Services provides a highly reliable, scalable, low-cost infrastructure platform in the cloud that powers hundreds of thousands of businesses in 190 countries around the world. AWS provides a massive global cloud infrastructure that allows you to quickly innovate, experiment and iterate. Instead of waiting weeks or months for hardware, AWS can instantly deploy new applications, instantly scale up as your workload grows, and instantly scale down based on demand.

  • aplicor

    [SaaS: CRM/ERP] Aplicor offers a hosted, integrated, wireless and CLOUD-based CRM software suite which includes Sales Force Automation, Marketing Automation, Project Office and Customer Support. They also offer a full cloud business suite by combining full CRM functionality with ERP for financial management – all in a seamless CLOUD business suite.

  • Awareness Technologies
    Awareness Technologies

    [SaaS: device monitoring] Awareness Technologies was founded in 2002, originally to provide software tools for national intelligence agencies, but shifted its focus five years ago to building the most practical and powerful security software for businesses and consumers including laptop theft protection software, web-filtering software and computer-usage monitoring software.

  • Bitdefender

    [SaaS: security] Security for Virtualized Environments by Bitdefender is the first comprehensive security solution for virtualized datacenters. The solution protects virtualized Windows, Linux, and Solaris systems. Its unique architecture enables it to be leveraged in any virtualization offering.

  • CGS

    [SaaS: email archiving] Unlimited Mailbox from Computer Generated Solutions (CGS) is a powerful and flexible policy-based archive system that leverages your existing email storage environment and offers a better way to lower costs, reduce complexity, boost user productivity and meet regulatory requirements.

  • CloudProviderUSA

    [IaaS] CloudProviderUSA's infrastructure as a service (IaaS) cloud solution provides organizations with the flexibility to establish and scale server resources instantly. Create, scale and delete cloud servers on-demand on with their secure, high performance and easy-to-use cloud platform. Server usage is charged per hour, and is billed monthly in arrears.

  • DocumentLogistix

    [SaaS: document management] Document Logistix helps companies to understand and implement document management strategies. Integrate all your existing document management systems with Document Manager. Their document management solutions range from bulk document scanning and imaging systems to workflow and secure archiving software.

  • HyperOffice

    [SaaS: collaboration] A comprehensive cloud collaboration toolset - business email, document management, intranet/extranet workspaces, shared calendars/contacts, project management, web forms, database apps, Outlook integration, and mobile sync.

  • Intermedia

    [SaaS: hosted Exchange/collaboration/VoIP] Intermedia is the premier provider of cloud services to small and mid-sized businesses. Delivered from Intermedia secure datacenters, these services include hosted Microsoft Exchange email, VoIP telephony, instant messaging, file management, security, backup, support for the full range of smartphones and tablets, and more. The company's proprietary cloud infrastructure assures high reliability, and a certified support team is available around the clock.

  • ipConfigure

    [SaaS: surveillance] A leading developer of enterprise IP video surveillance solutions, ipConfigure offers a variety of products - all of which leverage a browser-based interface and are capable of seamlessly supporting unlimited cameras, locations and users in a centralized or distributed architecture. ipConfigure offers Enterprise Surveillance Manager, License Plate Recognition and Gigapixel Wide Area Surveillance solutions.

  • ITpreneurs

    [SaaS: Cloud training] The ITpreneurs cloud computing curriculum supports knowledge transfer of the latest cloud terminology and trends. From Cloud Awareness that provides a high-level overview of Cloud Computing to the Cloud Essentials and Virtualization Essentials courses which are more in-depth, to the Cloud Challenge business simulation.


    [SaaS: CRM] LeadMaster is an affordable web-based lead management system that provides sales and marketing solutions which enable companies to close the loop between marketing and sales and provide top-notch Customer Relationship Management (CRM).

  • mailprotector

    [SaaS: email] Mailprotector offers Cloud-based email security, management and hosting including hosted Exchange. Their solutions are simple, effective and affordable.

  • MessageSolution

    [SaaS: email/file archiving] MessageSolution empowers today's organizations to effectively manage electronically stored information (ESI) and corporate intelligence where the ultimate goal is to comply with industry and government regulations, respond more quickly to electronic discovery, reduce storage costs, optimize email server functioning, or prepare for disaster recovery.

  • Microsoft Office 365
    Microsoft Office 365

    [SaaS] With Microsoft Office 365, you can get your work done securely and communicate real-time from almost anywhere. Combining Office with Office 365 unlocks the full potential of Office 365 as the best solution for productivity, collaboration, communication, and worry-free IT. Includes world-class, familiar tools including Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook and OneNote on your computer.

  • Mozy

    [SaaS: offsite backup] Mozy is the world's most trusted online backup service for consumers and businesses with more than 3 million customers and 80,000 business customers backing up 90 petabytes of information to multiple data centers around the globe. Mozy is backed by VMware and EMC Corporation.

  • NetLib

    [SaaS: SQL security] NetLib is a leading provider in database security for large, medium and small businesses, organizations and agencies. Protecting valuable databases and sensitive data is important to maintain business stability for our customers, as well as for the growing areas of compliance.

  • OC4

    [SaaS: enterprise email] OC4 offes a fully managed enterprise eMail offering that is secure, fast, and reliable. Their offering includes integration with corporate directory, anti-spam / anti-virus, encryption (network and data), 24X7 Help Desk, and Service Level Agreements of 99.9%.

  • Reflexion

    [SaaS: email/collaboration] Reflexion provides a range of hosted email services that are differentiated by their ease of implementation and use, their unique features and effectiveness and their affordability. Reflexion Total Control (RTC) is a hosted email security service that blocks spam, viruses and volume-based attacks before it reaches the corporate network. Reflexion Archiving, Discovery and Recovery (RADAR) provides businesses with a complete, searchable email archive.

  • Saddle Ranch Digtal
    Saddle Ranch Digtal

    [SaaS: digital signage content] Saddle Ranch Digital provides interactive and dynamic digital signage. Their process allows them to focus on your specific objectives and goals to build a fully optimized solution. With the combination of cutting edge software and hardware technologies, award winning customized content, complete content management and a team of experienced professionals, we can help you get the most return out of your digital signage investment.


    [SaaS: large file transfer] SEE FX is a secure Web portal that empowers business people to transmit large and/or sensitive files. Business people create, manage and track secure files of any type and size, inside/outside the company firewall. IT has centralized control for compliance, audit, security purposes.

  • SiteLock

    [SaaS: website security] SiteLock helps online business combat malware, hackers, and blacklisting with comprehensive website security. SiteLock makes website protection and business reputation management easy.

  • Sonian

    [SaaS: email/file archiving] Sonian, the pioneer in Cloud Powered Archiving and Search, offers it's archiving solutions at a fraction of the cost and complexity of other approaches. With over 11,000 customers across diverse industries and embedded into offerings from other cloud innovators; Sonian is the future of Archive and Search in the Cloud.

  • Storage Online
    Storage Online

  • ThinkGrid

    [SaaS: e-mail/IaaS] ThinkGrid Hosted E-mail solution allows businesses to use Microsoft Exchange with no on-premise technology investment and provides enhanced redundancy, anti-spam, anti-virus and ease of management. Their cloud platform, the "ThinkGrid", is a scalable, redundant and geographically balanced infrastructure which underpins all of their service offerings, and is managed by their leading control panel technology.

  • Trend Micro
    Trend Micro

    [SaaS: security] As a global leader in cloud security, Trend Micro develops Internet content security and threat management solutions that make the world safe for businesses and consumers to exchange digital information. With more than 20 years of experience, they are recognized as the market leader in server security for delivering top-ranked client, server, and cloud-based security solutions that stop threats faster and protect data in physical, virtualized, and cloud environments.

  • Viewpath

    [SaaS: project management] Viewpath's primary product is an online project management solution developed to provide anywhere-access to projects and dramatically simplify the day-to-day management of projects and events. Viewpath was designed to bridge the gap between complexities of Microsoft Project and makeshift solutions like spreadsheets to make it easier than ever for businesses of all sizes to manage projects, events and activities efficiently.

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